Agricultural Products

Overview

What is the significance of fresh produce imports from Mexico?

Arizona border ports of entry have a long tradition of serving as the primary gateway for fresh produce originating in Sinaloa and Sonora. This is particularly true for the Nogales port of entry. Aside from climate-related seasonality, the dynamics of fresh produce movement through Arizona’s border ports of entry reflect the composite effects of agricultural production in Mexico, and competition in U.S. markets. The physical and human infrastructure capacities of border ports of entry to facilitate efficient and secure movement of fresh produce across the border are also reflected in the movement dynamics. Among Arizona’s six border ports of entry, Nogales facilitates the largest volume and value of imported agricultural products from Mexico. San Luis is distant second, followed by Douglas.

What is measured?

U.S. imports of agricultural products from Mexico include both fresh produce and fruit. Fresh produce comprises the largest share of imported agricultural products from Mexico. Data include all imports of fresh produce that are destined for Arizona’s markets, as well as for other U.S. states. U.S. imports of agricultural products from Mexico are shown for each Arizona border port of entry. Totals for AZ BPOE reported by the U.S. Census Bureau in this category include Tucson and Phoenix, as they serve to facilitate imports from Mexico by air freight.

$ Value of Imports of Fresh Produce (annual) by Arizona BPOE

$ Value of Imports of Fresh Produce (annual) by Selected So. BPOEHow competitive is Arizona?

To gauge Arizona’s relative competitiveness in the U.S.-Mexico border region, data are provided for a selected number of major ports of entry in Texas and California. Values expressed in percent change allow for comparison of trends in imports of agricultural products at individual ports, as well as for the state as a whole.

$ Value of Imports of Fresh Produce (annual) - Arizona BPOE as % of Selected So. BPOE
$ Value of Imports of Fresh Produce (annual) - Index 2003 (2003 = 100)

 

Monthly data

Monthly data

The table on this page summarizes the movement of fresh produce imports from Mexico via Arizona and other major Border Ports of Entry on a monthly basis. Data are updated following release by the U.S. Census Bureau via USA Trade Online. Click on any title to graph that series, and export. Or, click "download" at the base of the table to download the dataset, or customize based on a specified range.

 

Annual data

Annual data

The table on this page summarizes the movement of fresh produce imports from Mexico via Arizona and other major Border Ports of Entry on an annual basis. Data are updated following release by the U.S. Census Bureau via USA Trade Online. Click on any title to graph that series, and export. Or, click "download" at the base of the table to download the dataset, or customize based on a specified range.

 

Source:

U.S. Census Bureau obtained via USA Trade Online

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