Train Crossings

Overview

What is the significance of train crossings?

Nogales has the oldest rail crossing of any border port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border. Since opening in 1882, the rail has served primarily mining and agricultural industries. At present, one of the most important commodities is auto manufacturing at the Ford Company in Hermosillo, Sonora. Vehicles built at the plant are shipped via rail to U.S. and Canadian markets. Rail also transports bulk commodities such as cement, and garbanzo beans. The dynamics of train crossings, and number of rail containers through the Nogales border port of entry reflect the composite effects of both trade between Mexico, Canada and the U.S., as well as between Arizona and Mexico.

What is measured?

Data are provided for the number of northbound trains. Zero values may indicate the lack of a rail crossing through a specific port, or lack of facilities to record data. The total volume is approximately double the northbound volume.

No. of and Percent Change of Train Crossings for Nogales District
No. of Train Crossings by Arizona BPOE
No. of Train Crossings by Major So. BPOE

How competitive is Arizona?

Although the number of train crossings reflects a composite effect of national and infrastructure related factors, it can be used as a rough indicator of Nogales’ relative competitiveness in the U.S.-Mexico border region. For comparison, data are provided for a selected number of major ports of entry in Texas and California. Values expressed as percent change allow for comparison of train crossing dynamics at individual ports, as well as for the state as a whole.

No. of Train Crossings - Arizona as % of All So. BPOE
No. of Train Crossings by Major So. BPOE - Index 1995 (1995 = 100)

 


Monthly data

Monthly data

The table on this page summarizes border crossings at Arizona and major Border Ports of Entry on a monthly basis. Data are updated following release by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Click on any title to graph that series, and export. Or, click "download" at the base of the table to download the dataset, or customize based on a specified range.

 

Annual data

Annual data

The table on this page summarizes border crossings at Arizona and major Border Ports of Entry on an annual basis. Data are updated following release by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Click on any title to graph that series, and export. Or, click "download" at the base of the table to download the dataset, or customize based on a specified range.

 

Source:

Bureau of Transportation Statistics , Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology, Border Crossing/ Entry Data. Note: Zero values may indicate that no crossings took place at that particular port of entry in a given month or year. Zero values may also indicate that data cannot be recorded due to lack of facilities.

Photo of sunset with mountain panorama delivery truck driving across desert  courtesy of Shutterstock.

Important note on border crossings data:

Border crossing data presented on these pages are from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). BTS releases border crossings as monthly data series, however, they release these data three months at a time each quarter. EBRC calculates the annual totals published here. EBRC inspects all data released from public sources for accuracy and consistency. The Center has noticed several issues of concern with the border crossing dataset. In order to improve the consistency and accuracy EBRC has made and continues incorporate the following estimates and corrections to this dataset. This means the data presented here may not always match data on the BTS website.

More information

  • Missing observations in the historical monthly series are estimated when possible and sensible. These estimates are then incorporated into the annual totals published here.  You may request a complete list of estimated values. EBRC believes these estimates greatly improve the accuracy and relevance of these data.
  • Each quarter when BTS releases three more months of data, frequently there are missing data points or incorrect data points.  BTS then often corrects these errors over the course of the quarter, or the data are corrected by BTS the following quarter. After each BTS release, EBRC checks and then corrects or estimates data where possible and needed prior to publication on this website. When BTS makes corrections during the quarter EBRC incorporated these into the monthly data series and annual totals.
  • Because of the two issues mentioned above, EBRC does not publish new data on this website immediately upon the BTS data release.  EBRC may take a week or more to check and correct the data. We will always publish a note informing our users of when the BTS data is released with an estimate for the EBRC data release on this page.
  • The three points above mean that data on this page may not always match data on the BTS website.  It is however the opinion of EBRC that data published on this website are at any given time the most accurate and reasonable reflection of current trends in border crossings.
  • For more information please contact us.