What is the significance of train crossings?
Nogales has the oldest rail crossing of any border port of entry along the U.S.-Mexico border. Since opening in 1882, the rail has served primarily mining and agricultural industries. At present, one of the most important commodities is auto manufacturing at the Ford Company in Hermosillo, Sonora. Vehicles built at the plant are shipped via rail to U.S. and Canadian markets. Rail also transports bulk commodities such as cement, and garbanzo beans. The dynamics of train crossings, and number of rail containers through the Nogales border port of entry reflect the composite effects of both trade between Mexico, Canada and the U.S., as well as between Arizona and Mexico.
What is measured?
Data are provided for the number of northbound trains. Zero values may indicate the lack of a rail crossing through a specific port, or lack of facilities to record data. The total volume is approximately double the northbound volume.
How competitive is Arizona?
Although the number of train crossings reflects a composite effect of national and infrastructure related factors, it can be used as a rough indicator of Nogales’ relative competitiveness in the U.S.-Mexico border region. For comparison, data are provided for a selected number of major ports of entry in Texas and California. Values expressed as percent change allow for comparison of train crossing dynamics at individual ports, as well as for the state as a whole.
The table on this page summarizes border crossings at Arizona and major Border Ports of Entry on a monthly basis. Data are updated following release by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Click on any title to graph that series, and export. Or, click "download" at the base of the table to download the dataset, or customize based on a specified range.
The table on this page summarizes border crossings at Arizona and major Border Ports of Entry on an annual basis. Data are updated following release by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Click on any title to graph that series, and export. Or, click "download" at the base of the table to download the dataset, or customize based on a specified range.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology, Border Crossing/Entry Data. Note: Zero values may indicate that no crossings took place at that particular port of entry in a given month or year. Zero values may also indicate that data cannot be recorded due to lack of facilities.
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