What is the significance of border crossings?
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Arizona’s border ports of entry play a pivotal role in facilitating commercial exchanges between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. The dynamics of personal vehicle, pedestrian and bus crossings reflect the regional significance of border ports of entry for personal transportation, tourism and trade. Commercial travel and freight in the form of train and truck crossings contextualize border ports of entry as of national and North American significance.
Data on the dynamics of international border crossings highlight infrastructure capacities for personal travel and commercial traffic. They also reflect the importance of trans-border business connections including work-related commuting, shopping, leisure, cultural and family connections throughout the border region.
What is measured?
The border crossings section includes information on personal and commercial travel through Arizona’s six border ports of entry. Specifically, crossings comprise:
With the exception of train crossings, data for each category are presented individually for each of Arizona’s six border ports of entry, and as a summary for all six. When combined, these six border ports of entry comprise the Nogales District.
How do Arizona border ports of entry perform?
Although border crossings reflect the composite effects of many factors at national, regional, and local levels, trends in commercial traffic, in particular, can be used as a rough indicator of a port’s competitiveness. Within the Nogales District, the border port of Nogales facilitates the largest volume of commercial and noncommercial crossings. To gauge Nogales’ relative competitiveness in the entire U.S.-Mexico border region, crossing dynamics are compared with a select number of other, major ports of entry in Texas, New Mexico, and California. Data are provided on monthly and annual bases, with indices of percent change between observed periods. Only northbound crossings are recorded. Thus, the actual number of crossings in both directions is approximately double the northbound volume.
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